The Everest mountain

The Everest mountain

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The Everest mountainis the highest mountain in the world,the height above sea level is 8844.43 meters which was measured accurately by the People’s Republic of China in July 23, 1975 .The peak is located in the China border with Nepal.The southern slope is located in sagarmatha zone,Nepal, the northern slope is located in Tingri County,Tibet,is one of the most beautiful and impressive ten famous mountains in China.Mount Everest tall towering image has been in the local and even a worldwide influence,the fourth edition of the people’s Republic of China on the back of the ten yuan is Mount Everest.

 

Mount Everest is the main peak of the Himalaya mountains,its mountain is a giant Pyramid shaped.The magnificent unpractical,extreme and steep terrain, environment is very complex.Snow line height:the southern slope is 5500-6100 meters,the northern slope is 5800-6200 meters.Northeast ridge, southeast ridge and west mountain ridge between the three big overhanging cliff (north wall, southwest wall and east wall),between the ridges and the cliffs, there are 548 continental glaciers,total area of 1457.07 square kilometers,average thickness of 7260 meters.The supply of glacier is mainly formed by the snow metamorphism of the two major precipitation belts in the India Ocean monsoon belt.Glacier is various, rich rare serac band, and there are dozens of meters of ice and steep cliffs and step by step trap of the dark and ice cracks, and dangerous avalanche area.


Mount Everest in the Himalayas region was an ocean,in the long geological time,a large amount of debris and mud from land,piling up in the Himalayan region,formed here above 30000 m thick Marine sedimentary rocks.Later, due to the strong tectonic movement,make the Himalayan region affected by extrusion and heavy lifting,according to the measured,average every ten thousand years rise about 20 ~ 30 meters,until now,the Himalaya is still in the rising,every 100 years rise 7 cm.


Mount Everest attracts many highly experienced mountaineers as well as capable climbers willing to hire professional guides. There are two main climbing routes, one approaching the summit from the southeast in Nepal (known as the standard route) and the other from the north in Tibet. While not posing substantial technical climbing challenges on the standard route, Everest presents dangers such as altitude sickness, weather, wind as well as significant objective hazards from avalanches and the Khumbu Icefall.


“job-mo glang-ma rib” (The Everest mountain) means “The mother of the earth” in Tibetan language, whose official Tibetan pinyin form is Qomolangma.  The official Chinese transcription is 珠穆朗玛峰 , whose pinyin form is Zhūmùlǎngmǎ Fēng(“Chomolungma Peak”).It is also infrequently simply translated into Chinese as Shèngmǔ Fēng (t聖母峰, 圣母峰,lit. “Holy Mother Peak”). In 2002, the Chinese People’s Daily newspaper published an article making a case against the use of “Mount Everest” in English, insisting that the mountain should be referred to as “Mount Qomolangma”, based on the official form of the local Tibetan name. The article argued that British colonialists did not “first discover” the mountain, as it had been known to the Tibetans and mapped by the Chinese as “Qomolangma” since at least 1719.In the early 1960s, the Nepalese government coined a Nepali name for Mount Everest, Sagarmāthā or Sagar-Matha, allegedly to supplant the Tibetan name among the locals, a usage which the Nepali government felt was “not acceptable”.

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