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The culture of Tibetan clothing formed closely to the nature environment、Climate conditions for production and life-style of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.Tibetan clothing for both men and women still intact.Different areas,have different clothing.The Tibetan robe is the main Tibetan clothing item characterized by long sleeve, wide waist and comfortable.Women wear Long sleeve robe in winter,sleeveless robe in summer,and wear kinds of color and pattern shirt inside. Tie a piece of color decorative pattern aprons of waist.
The Tibetan distribute Tibet、Sichuan、Gansu、Yunnan and other places.Men’s clothing is strong and energetic,and women’s clothing is elegant and graceful.Especially using jewelry,gold and jade to accessories,formed the special style of plateau women.
Anduo Tibetan clothing is Anduo Tibetan people in the long historical process, the constant pursuit of the life and aspirations, reveal intelligence.On this basis , constantly absorbing all the surrounding cultural of continuous development and progress.To adorn amdo region multi-purpose otter and colourful Tibet wool as a foil。It is said that robes use animals skins to frill,originated in the first dynasty.The king in order to reward the warriors in the war,in accordance with the skins of grade award for the warriors otter, leopard skins, or skins,the warriors to show off achievement also to let everyone share the glory,and would sew skins at the edge of the collar or sleeves.After evolution has become a garment accessories, and then pop around.Now the colour and lustre of the otter, the width of otter and material has become a kind of rich symbol.Anduo Tibetan clothing reflects a profile of the dressing culture of the whole Tibetan, but it is in many ways beautification and the development of Tibetan costume culture.
The Tibetans mostly live at the foot of snow-covered mountains.They share the same language and same religious belief,but speak different dialects and wear different styles of clothing.A case in point is the Kamba people who wear unique clothing.
Robes worn all the year.Aristocrats used to wear robes adorned with gold.silver,bronze,coral,agate,pearl,gem and bone objects.One set of robes was worth 100,00 silver dollars.
Robes worn by Kamba people are made from three pieces of cloth,and split in the middle,but with the left part wider than the right.Under the right armpit are buttons.Spring and summer robes are made of wool fabrics;and winter robes of sheep hide lined with cloth.There are also leather robes with leopard and other animal hide collars and sleeve rims.
Robes worn by women are divided into long-and short-sleeved.Women of aristocratic families and in urban areas wear robes long enough to cover their feet,while working women in farming areas wear robes long enough just to cover their ankles.
Gentlemen,aristocrats and scholars wear robes extending to three inches below their knees,while ordinary people have robes just to the knees.
While some wear robes with the right sleeve tied to the back,there are also people who tie both sleeves in this way.
In the pastoral areas,robes are called Zhaba.Robes for summer are made of sheep hide,while those for winter are made of thick sheep skin.Generally speaking,one wears a robe for the whole year without change.
Kamba Shirts.Kamba women wear shirts and shor-sleeved outwear,made of silk or printed cotton materials.Women shun orange yellow and light yellow,as such colors are adopted just by monks,male aristocrats and headmen.Clothes with single,double or three-row buttons and with black stripes as decoration are popular with women in Kangding, Qianning and Daofu,while clothes with wide-rim,round out-turned collars are found mainly in Batang,Garze and Qamdo.
Kamba men wear shirts and short outwear.Their shoulder pads are made mostly of sheep,fox and dog skins.Short out wear is made generally of wool and corduroy.
Hats.Tibetans in the Kam area love to wear hats or handkerchiefs which,however,vary greatly with the users,such as ordinary people,aristocrats,monks and lay people.
Hats are divided into golden felt,fox hide,wide-rim and sun hat.
The golden felt hat used to be made of black wool imported from India.They are complete with 5-6-inch hat rings and ear covers.Men in urban and rural areas love to wear high-top hats with ear covers upturned to show elegance.
The fox hide hat is divided into two kinds,made with either a whole or half a fox hide.Those wearing the former love to have it cover their head,with the remaining part dangling from their shoulders,or used as scarf.Those wearing half-a-fox-hide hat are found mainly in the semi-farming and semi-livestock breeding area neighboring amdo.
Women in Qanmdo,Dege,Garze,Daofu,Dainba and Batang wrap their heads with handkerchiefs.Men in Qamdo also do so,but with red or purple handkerchiefs.
Unique boots.There are two kinds of boots:Long and short boots.Kamba people wear leather boots reaching the knees.
Traditional Tibetan boots are divided into two kinds:colored leather or woolen boots and unprocessed leather boots stuffed with cow or sheep wool or soft grass.The latter is found mainly in farming and livestock breeding areas.
Waist belts.All Tibetans use waist belts made of varied materials such as woolen and silk and different in width. Generally,they are 1-1.7 meters long,with single or double layers.
Aprons.Tibetan women in the Kam areas mostly wear black cloth or silk aprons measuring 03X0.6 square meters. Aprons popular with women in Batang,Qamdo,Dege and Tibet are made of colored stripes.Urban women wear small and simply-colored aprons patched with patterns,and rural women wear wide and long aprons bright in color.
Adornments.Tibetan women also use earrings,necklace and rings.Traditional earrings refer to pearls wrapped up with gold or silver sheet.
Rings are used also to ward off evil or as marriage tokens.
Necklaces are processed with pearls,coral pearls and gems.Some are valued at tens of thousands of yuan apiece.
The collar button is processed with stones wrapped up in gold or silver sheets.
The Labrang area,located at the northeast rim of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau,has an average elevation of 3,000 meters. It is very cold,with a long winter and short summer.It is home to farmers and herders.For years,Tibetologists have been studying the local folklore,of which perhaps the most interesting aspect is the dressing of the 17-old girls.This happens when the Tibetan New Year draws near.As this means they may live independently by having male friends, this tradition is much cherished among girls of this age group.
The sun’s ultraviolet turn most people on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau brown,but Tibetan girls have developed an unique way to ‘beat the system”
In order to retain facial freshness,they first rub their faces with butter or sour milk and then wash with milk or bean powder water.When this is done,they sit themselves in front of a mirror to pull fine hairs with silk threads.Finally,they coat their faces from making them work in fields.Instead,they are given highly nutritious food to keep up their beauty. This tradition is still retained today.
According to local tradition,families with girls who have reached the age of 17 hold a dressing-up ceremony for them. Savings are squandered for the purchase of garments and jewelry made of gold,silver,coral and agate.Some jewels are valued tens of thousands of yuan.
On the second day of the first Tibetan month,mothers rise at the call f the day-breaking stars in the sky.They worship the Buddha with fresh milk,flowers and fruit before burning incense and praying for good luck for their daughters.This is followed by mothers giving the girls advice,such as asking them to walk slowly on the third and fourth days,and refrain from talking loudly,and showing greater warmth to their relatives and friends.
Married women whose parents are still alive are invited to dress these girls up.This implies these girls will enjoy the same good luck as these women.Many will come to help,talk and congratulate.
Dressed-up girls,each with nine big pigtails,impress with their maturity and beauty.They wear gold,silver,or ivory rings and bracelets,which are inlaid with gems or corals;earrings made of gold or silver;necklaces each composed of over 100 yellow agates and red coral.When they are put on sheep skin robes with 5-inch rims and lined with red and green satins,and fox hats,the ceremony is over.
The third day of the first Tibetan month is the day for the 17-year-old girls to visit relatives.They rise before sunrise, to kowtow to the Buddha and also to their parents.
When the sun rises above the horizon,they set out accompanied by one 12 or 13-year-old girl who carries gifts for them.If they come across people carrying water,the meeting means good luck and they will present them with hada. When they come across others of the same age group,they will exchange hada.
During their visit to relatives,they exchange gifts.Their relatives generally send them cloth materials or cash.The 17-year-old girls will put the cloth materials on their left arms,while carrying food with the right hand.
On the fourth day of the first Tibetan month,the girls’ parents will prepare food to thank their relatives.Gifts thus given will be displayed.When guests arrive,they sit in a circle to sing and dance.This is followed with dining and winning to their heart’s content.
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